What are the stages of development?

Development can be broadly understand by different stages which occurs in one’s life. There are four stages of development.


Infancy is the stage from birth to two years old. It is the period of swift growth after birth. A surprising amount of growth and development happens during infancy : babies learn to crawl, communicate and laugh, among many other things.

The development of language starts from this stage. During infancy child transitions from a dependent toddler to an active child. He or she is now able to crawl and walk. In terms of physical development, the stage of infancy records the most growth.

Infants are born with certain abilities already developed. For example ability to smell. During this stage babies also develop bond of love and trust with their parents.

Early Childhood

It is a stage from 2-6 years old. In this stage children spent a lot of time playing with toys. They exibhit a wide range of emotions. Repeat words or sentences often overheard. A child begin to run, climb and throw. Starts to understand time and the idea of counting. Like to sing, dance and playacts😁 can use the toilet their own.

At this stage children do not attend the traditional system of education but they start going to pre-school or play schools. Children are self-centric (egocentric) at this stage. It is a sensitive period of language Development.

Later Childhood

Later childhood from 7-11 years old.

Here, a child joins the traditional system of education that is why this stage is known as elementary school age. This stage is also known as troublesome age. Children devote more time with peer groups. They can identify, affirm, and share their personal gifts with others. Develop an understanding and practice of good personal hygiene and healthy habits.

Here, development of children’s creative potential begins. Child develop skills to handel their emotions and feelings. Experience of this period influence the child throughout his life.


Adolescence or puberty from 13-19 years old. This is the most critical stage of person’s life. It is a stage of stress and strom. At this stage , adolescents face many social , biological and personal change. This is the transitional stage; where a person transits from a child to an adult.

Adolescents face many adjustment problems. The primary developmental task of adolescence is identity formation. Adolescence is an important period for cognitive development as well, as it marks that how an individual think and resin about his problems and ideas.

Moods swings are the characteristics of adolescence and there is some struggles with issues of self esteem. A persons become aggressive at times. In this stage thoughts become more abstract and logical.

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