How does Heredity and Environment influence on development.

Heredity and Environment both have their share in constructing the life and personality of the individual. In some cases Heredity may overpower development and Environment strongly influence growth and development. No person can be born without heredity and genes cannot develop without proper environment.

A child’s development represents the interaction of Heredity and Environment.

HEREDITY

Heredity provides the basis for the development of human personality. Heredity is what a person is born with. It is responsible for all the unborn trait. All the qualities that a child has inherited from the parents is called heredity.

Heredity (nature) is defined as the totality of biological acquired factors and is an important factor in the life of an individual.

Heredity strongly influence on Physical and Social Development. Different characteristics of growth and development like intelligence, aptitudes, body structure, colour of hair, height, weight and colour of eyes are highly influenced by heredity.

At the time of conception the union of male and female germ cells causes fertilization of the ovum. The fertilized egg is known as zygote. Zygote has 46 chromosomes; i.e. 23 pair of chromosomes are there in a zygote.

Environment

Environment (nurture) is the totality of conditions which plays an important role in bringing the modification of our behaviour. It includes all the aspects of our surroundings except one’s genes. These factors influence the development of an individual.

Environment consists of various types of forces like physical, social, moral, cultural emotional etc.

If your living environment is cramped, noisy and filled with aggression your child’s development can be affected.

Environmental factors vary in their immediacy to the individual; they involve multiple layers of forces for example friends family, neighborhood , school systems and local governments.

Environmental influence has a prevalent effect on personality trait as well. It also influences in terms of Parenting influences a child’s personality.

According to Woodworth, both are equally essential in the growth and development of the child. Individual is the result of multiplication between heredity an environment.

Development = Heredity x Environment

What are the stages of development?

Development can be broadly understand by different stages which occurs in one’s life. There are four stages of development.

INFANCY

Infancy is the stage from birth to two years old. It is the period of swift growth after birth. A surprising amount of growth and development happens during infancy : babies learn to crawl, communicate and laugh, among many other things.

The development of language starts from this stage. During infancy child transitions from a dependent toddler to an active child. He or she is now able to crawl and walk. In terms of physical development, the stage of infancy records the most growth.

Infants are born with certain abilities already developed. For example ability to smell. During this stage babies also develop bond of love and trust with their parents.

Early Childhood

It is a stage from 2-6 years old. In this stage children spent a lot of time playing with toys. They exibhit a wide range of emotions. Repeat words or sentences often overheard. A child begin to run, climb and throw. Starts to understand time and the idea of counting. Like to sing, dance and playacts😁 can use the toilet their own.

At this stage children do not attend the traditional system of education but they start going to pre-school or play schools. Children are self-centric (egocentric) at this stage. It is a sensitive period of language Development.

Later Childhood

Later childhood from 7-11 years old.

Here, a child joins the traditional system of education that is why this stage is known as elementary school age. This stage is also known as troublesome age. Children devote more time with peer groups. They can identify, affirm, and share their personal gifts with others. Develop an understanding and practice of good personal hygiene and healthy habits.

Here, development of children’s creative potential begins. Child develop skills to handel their emotions and feelings. Experience of this period influence the child throughout his life.

Adolescence

Adolescence or puberty from 13-19 years old. This is the most critical stage of person’s life. It is a stage of stress and strom. At this stage , adolescents face many social , biological and personal change. This is the transitional stage; where a person transits from a child to an adult.

Adolescents face many adjustment problems. The primary developmental task of adolescence is identity formation. Adolescence is an important period for cognitive development as well, as it marks that how an individual think and resin about his problems and ideas.

Moods swings are the characteristics of adolescence and there is some struggles with issues of self esteem. A persons become aggressive at times. In this stage thoughts become more abstract and logical.

Quarantine Time 😄

Hello everyone meet my students. They are utilising their quarantine with lots of activities.

These activities make them learn many things. As schools are closed many of parents are busy with their children at home. This is a good time to teach your child and spending lots of time with them.

It will help the parents to know lot more about their child. They are involved in their day today activities.

My 2 year old student

If you are a parent and want to do some activities with your kids? What are you wating for, here are some fun activities by which parents and a child get to know each other☺️

  • Watching some knowledgeable short movies, moral stories and cartoons.
  • Play board games with your children
  • Ask them to help set up the dinning table
  • Do scribbling with them, tell them about their body parts and it’s functions.
  • Sing songs , dance with them
  • Do some exercises and yoga
  • Bake and cook some easy recipes
  • Make a tent house indoors
  • Have a indoor picnic party
  • Take them to the kitchen to put away some grocery and ask about their colour.
  • Ask them to set thori books by own
  • Practice shapes and colours
  • Ask them to identify big ang small objects
  • Help them to organise their book self of closet.
  • Have a tea party
  • Make a family tree
  • Plant some seeds
  • Help them clean their room
  • Teach them how to write or speak difficult words
  • Do some easy crafts , like making a birthday card ,flower making , bottle painting etc.

By all these activities you can make your child busy and he/she will learn many important things.

What is the role of Social Development in children?

Social development for all people begins at birth and continues throughout life. It means investing in people.

Social Development in child means that how he develops friendship and other relationship as well as how a child handles conflict with person. It is also a process by which a child learns to interact with others around them. As they develop and perceive their own individuality within their community and they also gain skills to communicate with other people and process their action.

Social development can actually impact many of the other form of development in children. A child’s ability to interact in a healthy way with the people around them can impact everything from learning new words as a toddler, to being able to resist peer pressure as a high school student to successfully accepting the challenges of adulthood.

A healthy social development in child can lead to a great language skill, build their self esteem ,strengthen their learning skills and developing a positive attitude.

How to encourage social development in children?

Well every parent want their child to be successful and maintain a healthy and secure relationship with the community. You are your child’s best teacher. The early childhood years are not only a time for taking first step or for saying first word. They are also for their better relationships with other. These first skills are very important as they form a foundation for a child’s ongoing development and will affects his mental health and well-being.

Encourage social development in children by :

Providing them a nuturing environment, as they receive love and affection from parents.

Let them make decisions , making positive choices about personal and social behaviour will be key to your child’s success in life.

Encourage social activities , this will get your child to feel more comfortable with social situations.

Also Support your child to develop trust in other consistent adults .

Acknowledge your child’s feelings.

Social development and interaction are very important for each and every person for his betterment of life and to form a healthy relationship with other people.

Are you aware about your child’s social development?

BEHAVIOUR

Is your child’s behaviour is aggressive? Does he/she gets irritated, annoyed or nervous? What is the reason behind it?

Behaviour is that how one conducts themselves Its their action, reaction and function in response to everyday situation and environment.

Behaviour relates to one’s growth and development. Normal behaviour is a sign of good mental health and well-being of a child, and it affects the overall development.

There are many things that can cause child to have temper tantrums, emotional outburst and general “bad” or unexpected behaviour.
These may can include biological reasons, like being hungry or overtired. It can also include emotional reasons like not being able to cope with or describe their feelings.
Their environment can also influence behaviour. Physical illness disabilities, malnutrition and perceiving the world differently are the causes to this.

If you are a parent you have probably dealt with your child’s aggressive , annoyed and irritated behaviour. So what can we do ,to prevent child’s abnormal behaviour?

  • Firstly ,just try to understand your kid before punishing him for such a bad behaviour. As this is not the right way to deal with his/ her aggressive behaviour.
  • Try not to overreact
  • Avoid smacking
  • Be consistent
  • Talk to your child
  • Do what feels right. What you do has to be right for your child, yourself and the family.
  • Offer appropriate rewards
  • Catch your child being good
  • Don’t give in to tantrums or aggressive behaviour
  • Stay calm
  • Show your child how you feel
  • Listen to them
  • Keep promises
  • Keep things simple and positive
  • Give children responsibility and consequences
  • Maintain a sense of humour
  • Make your child feel important
  • Help your child find new ways to deal with their anger
  • Avoid encouraging toughness
  • Control your own temper

Occasionally, aggressive behaviour can form serious behaviour disorders or mental health problems. If your child’s aggression is serious or is not responding to discipline,it’s time to seek a help. Talk to your paediatrician.

Language Development

Why is it important to learn language at early age?

Well,
Speech, language and communication skills are crucial to young children’s overall development. Being able to speak clearly and process speech sounds, to understand others, to express ideas and interact with others are fundamental building blocks for a child’s development.

Language development is the process by which children come to understand and communicate language during early childhood.

It is of the the important aspects of cognitive development. In language Development we acquire the ability to learn, use, comprehend and manipulate skills of language.

Developing language skills is of absolute importance for young children’s success later in life both as social beings and in pursuing an education.

From birth up to age of five children develop language at a very rapid pace. In general girls develop language at a faster rate than boys. More than any other aspect of development, language development reflects the growth and maturation of the brain.

Did you know that you can start teaching your baby to talk even before he or she is born? Studies have shown that babies can recognize music and other sounds that they experience while in the mother’s womb.

INFANCY

Towards the end of pregnancy, a fetus begins to hear sounds and speech coming from outside the mother’s body. Infants are acutely attuned to the human voice and prefer it to other sounds. Between three to six months most infants has the ability to mimic sounds , inflections,and gestures. Babble for attention , cry differently out of pain or hunger, blow bubbles, respond to changes in a tone of voice.

Between nine and twelve months babies may begin to listen when spoken to, understand gestures, responds to simple requests, shout and scream, know their own names, understand “no”, use “mama” and “dada”for any person.

TODDLERHOOD

During the second year of life language development proceeds at very different rates in different children. Between 12-15 months child begin to recognize names, laugh approximately, use partial words, ask for help with gestures.

At 18 to 24 months of age toddlers come to understand that there are words for everything and their language development gains momentum. About 50 of a child’s first words are universal: names of foods, animals, family members, toys , vehicles, and clothing. Usually children first learn general nouns, such as “flower” instead of “dandelion,” and they may overgeneralize words, such as calling all toys.

PRESCHOOL

Three to four-year-olds usually understand most of what they hear, can converse , use pronouns correctly, tell stories. At the age of five most children can talk constantly, follow three consecutive commands, use generally correct grammar.

Six year-olds usually can correct their own grammar and mispronunciations. Most children double their vocabularies between six and eight years of age and begin reading at about age seven. A major leap in reading comprehension occurs at about nine. Ten-year-olds begin to understand figurative word meanings.

Adolescents generally speak in an adult manner, gaining language maturity throughout high school.

Role of Parents

Language development is enriched by verbal interactions with other children and adults. Studies have shown that children of talkative parents have twice the vocabulary as those of quiet parents.

In addition language-based interactions appear to increase a child’s capacity to learn. Parents should encourage their child’s Language Development by:

  • talking to them as much as possible and giving them opportunities to respond, perhaps with a smile; short periods of silence help teach the give-and-take of conversation.
  • Addressing the baby by name.
  • Asking questions.
  • Avoiding pronouns and articles.
  • Singing songs.
  • Expand on toddler’s single words.
  • Put words on the child’s gestures.
  • Name colours
  • Count items
  • Ask your 3 year old child yes or no questions.
  • Talk about what the child and parent are doing each day.

By this, Language Development is very important for child better growth and development it affects its overall development in a positive way , one just need to be more focused.

Are you focusing on your child’s Language Development or not?

Emotional Development

How Emotional Development helps child’s overall development?

Emotional Development is a uniquely integrative and psychologically constructive feature of psychological growth in infancy and development.

The role of emotions in behaviour and development, and the nature of emotion itself , are discussed in relation to structuralist and functionalist approaches to emotional development.

From birth, children rapidly develop their abilities to experience and express diffrent emotions, as well as their capacity to cope with and manage a variety of feelings.

Emotional Development include the ability to identify and understand one’s own feelings. It is actually built into the architecture of young ones brain in response to their individual personal experiences.

Emotional development during infancy.

Right from the time of birth the infant cries and his bodily movements seems to give evidence of the presence of Emotional element in him.

The baby tries to give simple responses that suggest pleasure and displeasure feelings.

There is continuous variation in the manifestation of emotions during infancy.

With the increase in age there is an increased linguistic response and a decreased motor response….

Children also learn emotional display rules as they progress through middle and late childhood. For example, a child learns to look happy even though she feels upset when a friend or family member gives her an undesirable gift. The use of display rules tends to increase as children begin to consider what consequences their actions may have for others.

Toddlers begin expressing shame, embarrassment, and pride, which are learned emotions based on their culture. As they acquire language and learn to verbalize their feelings, they can express their emotions of affection, distress, pain, and fatigue.

During play, children increase their emotional maturity and social competence by interacting with other children. Play helps children practice their communication skills as they negotiate roles and appreciate others’ feelings.

Some examples of emotional development

  • Child will be able to express his/her feelings
  • Child displays self control.
  • They will be aware about other people feelings.
  • Ask for help from their friends and family when needed.
  • Child will listen or pays attention to people.
  • They will have a positive self image.
As a parent, helping children with their feelings can both help them feel better and reduce behavior problems.

Be sensitive with your child feelings. Listen to them, help them with their problems. Always encourage them, be your child’s best friend😇

How do you handle your child emotions?